NAME:     Max Baraitser Smith

NATIONALITY:     British

BASED IN:     The Hague

WEBSITE:    

Bureau Lunaire des Poids et Mesures / Lunar Bureau of Weights and Measures

My project is a meditation on lunar and terrestrial time. It proposes a new organisation on the moon: the Lunar Bureau of Weights and Measures and provides it with a founding object for calibrating lunar time. Housed in a 1 centimetre cube, this will provide an object for reflection for the crew and people on earth.

 

On 20 May 2019, the International Bureau of Weights and Measures redefined standard measurements in terms of “constants that describe the natural world.” The second was redefined as 9,192,631,770 cycles of the caesium-133 atom used in atomic clocks.

 

On the moon, the caesium-133 atom resonates faster, due to gravitation time dilation, as proposed by Einstein’s Theory of Relativity. This states that time and space will change in response changes in gravity. The moon’s gravitational field is weaker than the earth’s, so lunar time runs faster.

 

This discrepancy is the basis for the Lunar Bureau of Weights and Measures. The Lunar Bureau will fulfil similar functions to those of the International Bureau on earth, such as coordinating and communicating measurement standards. However, it will differ in acknowledging the existence of multiple planetary measurement systems, rather than a single unified standard.

 

Following its creation in Paris on 20 May 1875, The International Bureau of Weights and Measures commissioned and took custody of the International Prototype Meter and International Prototype Kilogram as founding objects with which all meters and kilograms could be calibrated. While the practical utility of these objects is limited (the Prototype Kilogram has been found to fluctuate in weight), they retain a significant aesthetic and symbolic resonance.

 

Likewise, the Lunar Bureau will take custody of the cubic centimetre provided by the current call. This will allow calibration between lunar and terrestrial time. The Nima Sand Museum Hourglass (Oda, Japan) contains 629 billion grains of sand and takes exactly one earth year to empty. To convert an earth year into a lunar year, 419 grains of sand must be removed from the Nima Hourglass. So the Lunar Bureau’s founding artifact will be a 1cm cube containing 419 grains of sand.

 

The dispersed sand grains will create new patterns and sculptural forms in response to their environment. On earth they will settle in the base of  the cube, creating a mini dune. Once in space, they will become a free floating cloud of individual grains, occasionally colliding. Finally, on the moon the cloud will slowly settle, but this time very softly due to the lower gravitational pull. In each of these three stages of metamorphosis, the grains will make sound too. Each grain collision will create a tiny sonic event. The 419 grains inside the cube will act as a meditation object, as a way to acknowledge the differences between celestial bodies. It proposes a reflection on relations between the earth and its moon, rather than an attempt to understand them in separation.

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ARTIST STATEMENT:

Max Baraitser Smith is an artist/scientist currently working with geometry, sensitivity, and duration. This research is often presented as performances with music or sound. However, it sometimes takes the form of declarations, softwares, or juggling routines. Max is currently exploring these fields at the ArtScience Interfaculty in the Hague. .